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Kashubian Landscape Park

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The Kashubian Landscape Park was established in 1983. It lies in the central ethnic area of ​​Kashubia, in the Kashubian Lake District. Its area is over 33 thousand. ha, of which the largest part is arable land (over half), followed by forests (one third) and water (about 10%). The Park buffer zone covers almost the same area. 40% Kashubian Landscape Park occupy the areas of Natura 2000. These are special areas of habitat protection (e.g. the Upper Łeba Valley), and a special area of ​​bird protection (Mirachowskie Forests). Beech forests dominated the Kashubian forests, but at present pine and even spruce have been introduced in many areas, which is a species in this region. The most valuable groups of forest vegetation include the orchid beech communities and alluvial riparian forests: foothill ash and ash-alder. When it comes to fauna, KPK's wealth is primarily birds - about 135 species of breeding birds, including hairy owl and sawyer, and teal, crane, kingfisher, plush. The specificity of the Kashubian Landscape Park is that it protects not only the treasures of animate and inanimate nature, but also the richness of historical heritage. The numerous archaeological sites and strongholds lying within the Park testify to the importance of this area many centuries ago. Tourists most often visit the barrow cemetery near the Uniradze forester's lodge (Stężyca commune), the largest cemetery of this type in Poland, which has over 3,000 burial mounds and graves (already identified). Fragments of burned human bones and ceramics are initially dated to the 4th century BC In turn, the most interesting strongholds include the Haska stronghold located between the lakes Ostrzyckie and Bukrzno Małe and the stronghold located in Chmielno between the lakes Kłodno and Białe. The finds in these fortresses date back to the 7th century CE. The park also has monuments from more modern times, which are the heritage of Kashubia. Among them are religious buildings (including the baroque chapel from 1740 in Mirachów and the church from 1706 in Stężyca and the church in Chmielno, admittedly from 1845, but built on the site of a wooden temple, one of the oldest in Pomerania, from 1280 years). A living place of worship is the Marian sanctuary in Sianów, where there is a statue of the Mother of God from the 15th century, Madonna of Sianowska, crowned in 1966 as the Queen of Kashubs. There are many towns in the NCP that retain cultural heritage goods - residential buildings, outbuildings, and public buildings. It is primarily Młyn Dolny, Reskowo, Mirachowo, Piotrowo, Wygoda Łączyńska, Pierszczewo, Potuła and Szymbark. Tourists visiting the Kashubian Landscape Park can ride on bicycles (part of the Gdynia-Człuchów cycling route runs through the Park, and this is the main cycling route in the CPSU, apart from which there are ten side routes. In total, the bicycle routes are 120 km long). They can also choose kayaks - they can choose one of four routes: Łeba Trail, Radunia Trail, Bukowina Trail and "Raduń Circle". Wanderings, combined with ecological education, enable educational paths, of which there are currently five in the Park. Most of them are short paths (up to approx. 3 km), one - along the Nature Reserve Trail, leads up to 20 km. Źr .: e-kaszuby.pl/news/view/9,kaszubski-park-krajobrazowy


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